Javascript verkar inte påslaget? - Vissa delar av Lunds universitets webbplats fungerar inte optimalt utan javascript, kontrollera din webbläsares inställningar.
Du är här

General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

  • Andy Buckley
  • Jonathan Butterworth
  • Stefan Gieseke
  • David Grellscheid
  • Stefan Hoeche
  • Hendrik Hoeth
  • Frank Krauss
  • Leif Lönnblad
  • Emily Nurse
  • Peter Richardson
  • Steffen Schumann
  • Michael H. Seymour
  • Torbjörn Sjöstrand
  • Peter Skands
  • Bryan Webber
Publiceringsår: 2011
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 145-233
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Physics Reports
Volym: 504
Nummer: 5
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier


We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond Standard Model processes. We describe the principal features of the ARIADNE, Herwig++, PYTHIA 8 and SHERPA generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators and tools. This review is aimed at phenomenologists wishing to understand better how parton-level predictions are translated into hadron-level events as well as experimentalists seeking a deeper insight into the tools available for signal and background simulation at the LHC. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Subatomic Physics
  • QCD
  • Hadron colliders
  • Monte Carlo simulation


  • ISSN: 0370-1573

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen