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Science machines making futures

  • Richard Langlais
  • Sharon Rider
  • Frans Prenkert
  • Enrico Baraldi
  • Håkan Håkansson
  • Alexandra Waluszewski
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 99-117
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Use of Science and Technology in Business: Exploring the Impact of Using Activity for Systems, Organizations, and People
Volym: 25
Dokumenttyp: Del av eller Kapitel i bok
Förlag: Emerald Group Publishing Limited


This chapter ". . . looks at a problem that is an important effect of systemic features: the problems of defining clear boundaries between different types of actors. Richard Langlais and Sharon Rider study the boundary between research performed by public universities and companies basing their technology on scientific research. They use the concept "science machines" to depict those systems of social and business interacton, where the specification of producers and users of scientific knowledge is ambiguous. The users and producers of scientific knolwedge might even be the same person(s), or where the perpsectives of the two categories are the same. One consequence is that classical notions of scientific activity merge, combine and blend with conventional notions of commercial interest. The authors suggest that they should be seen as hybrids, as forms of the business of science, and of science as business (from pg. 12, of the book chapter, "Introduction: Use of Science and Technology in Business," by Håkan Håkansson and Alexandra Waluszewski, pp 1-24).


  • Social and Economic Geography
  • Use of science and technology
  • use of science and technology in business
  • using activity
  • systems
  • organizations
  • systemic aspects of using
  • biotechnology
  • science machines
  • hybrids
  • science and technology studies
  • science studies
  • social studies of science


  • ISSN: 1876-066X
  • ISBN: 978-1-84855-474-0

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