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Face-to-Face, Buzz and Knowledge Bases: Socio-spatial implications for learning and innovation policy

Publiceringsår: 2005
Språk: Engelska
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: CIRCLE Working paper
Dokumenttyp: Working paper


While concurring with the new streams of literature in geography that highlight the importance of face-to-face and buzz in the globalizing learning economy, the article argues that this literature is misleading on three interrelated accounts. Firstly, it conflates face-to-face and buzz; secondly, it fails to distinguish between the importance of face-to-face and buzz for industries drawing on different knowledge bases, and thirdly, these conceptual inadequacies lead to an exaggeration of the importance of cities as sites for creativity and innovation, and hence regional competitiveness. BY applying an industrial knowledge base approach the article seeks to reconstruct an alternative framework that allows for a systematic differentiation between the importance of both face-to-face and buzz for different industries. This provides a framework for developing a more nuanced understanding of the spatial implications of face-to face communication and buzz for learning and innovation.


  • Human Geography
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • ISSN: 1654-3149

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