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Tax policy and entrepreneurship: Empirical evidence from Sweden

Publiceringsår: 2012
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 495-513
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Small Business Economics
Volym: 38
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Springer


This paper examines the relationship between income taxes and the decision to become self-employed using data from Sweden. By making it possible to track a large number of individuals over extended time periods and across a number of tax rate changes while controlling for important additional determinants, available tax-return information from Sweden allows for statistical estimation of the influence income taxes have on the probability of becoming self-employed. The changing tax rate structure combined with the fact that the Swedish tax system does not provide additional tax benefits to small business-entrepreneurs compared with those who work as employees, provides a powerful setting through which to examine the tax-rate structure’s influence on individuals’ choice to become self-employed. Contrary to many earlier studies based on US data, this paper finds that both average and marginal taxes have a negative impact on the decision to become self-employed.


  • Economics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • tax policy
  • Firm start-ups
  • self-employment
  • income taxes


  • ISSN: 0921-898X

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