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Bat flight generates complex aerodynamic tracks

Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 894-897
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Science
Volym: 316
Nummer: 5826
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: The American Association for the Advancement of Science


The flapping flight of animals generates an aerodynamic footprint as a time-varying vortex wake in which the rate of momentum change represents the aerodynamic force. We showed that the wakes of a small bat species differ from those of birds in some important respects. In our bats, each wing generated its own vortex loop. Also, at moderate and high flight speeds, the circulation on the outer ( hand) wing and the arm wing differed in sign during the upstroke, resulting in negative lift on the hand wing and positive lift on the arm wing. Our interpretations of the unsteady aerodynamic performance and function of membranous-winged, flapping flight should change modeling strategies for the study of equivalent natural and engineered flying devices.


  • Biological Sciences


  • ISSN: 1095-9203

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