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A controlled long-distance test of a professional medium.

Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 53-67
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: European Journal of Parapsychology
Volym: 24
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift


Abstract in Undetermined

Suitable methods for testing alleged mediums are still debated after

a century of research. In this study a professional medium was

tested using a double-masked, long distance protocol with seven

male sitters who rated how each statement and overall readings

applied to them; they also completed a measure of paranormal belief.

The experimenters rated the specificity of the statements. Statement

specificity was negatively correlated with applicability, whereas

paranormal belief was positively related to overall applicability

ratings, but not to sitters’ ratings of their target reading. No sitter

rated his target reading as the most applicable and the statistical

analysis based on the Pratt and Birge (1948) technique did not

support the hypothesis of genuine mediumistic ability. Possible

reasons for these results are discussed as are methodological issues

in the quantitative assessment of mediumship.


  • Psychology
  • mediumship
  • parapsychology
  • methodology


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