Javascript är avstängt eller blockerat i din webbläsare. Detta kan leda till att vissa delar av vår webbplats inte fungerar som de ska. Sätt på javascript för optimal funktionalitet och utseende.

Webbläsaren som du använder stöds inte av denna webbplats. Alla versioner av Internet Explorer stöds inte längre, av oss eller Microsoft (läs mer här: * https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Var god och använd en modern webbläsare för att ta del av denna webbplats, som t.ex. nyaste versioner av Edge, Chrome, Firefox eller Safari osv.

Uniting Against Autocrats : Opposition Coordination, Turnovers and Democratization by Elections

Författare

  • Michael Wahman

Summary, in English

As counter intuitive as it might sound, autocracy without elections is a rare combination today. Elections do not constitute democracy, but they can promote democratization. This dissertation studies the process of democratization through elections, focusing on the effect of opposition coordination. Several authors have stressed the importance of opposition coordination as an explanation for democratization by elections, emphasizing how a coordinated opposition increases the electoral pressure on incumbent regimes and enhances the probability of electoral turnovers. However, little research has been done investigating the causes for opposition coordination under electoral authoritarianism, or studying the more long-term consequences of coordination beyond the electoral outcome. This dissertation does so in four independent, but related, articles probing the overall question: How is democratization by elections achieved and what causal explanatory power can be attributed to opposition coordination for obtaining democratizing outcomes in authoritarian elections?



Using statistical evidence from electoral authoritarian regimes around the globe, together with in-depth case studies of three African countries, Ghana, Kenya and Senegal, the findings diverge substantially from much of the previous research. The general causal relationship between opposition coordination and democratization by elections is questioned. It is argued that much of the previous literature has confused alternation with democratization. Oppositional politicians radically change their institutional preferences once they assume office, and although coordination increases the prospects for turnovers, it often does not result in long-term democratization. In cases where parties are poorly institutionalized and appeal to voters through patronage rather than through different distinguishable policy agendas, coordination often reflects the probability of election turnovers rather than causes democratization.

Publiceringsår

2012

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Lund Political Studies

Issue

165

Dokumenttyp

Doktorsavhandling

Förlag

Lund University

Ämne

  • Political Science

Nyckelord

  • Democratization
  • authoritarianism
  • election
  • party
  • opposition
  • coalition
  • ethnic
  • Africa
  • Kenya
  • Ghana
  • Senegal

Status

Published

Handledare

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 0460-0037
  • ISBN: 978-91-88306-82-1

Försvarsdatum

27 april 2012

Försvarstid

10:00

Försvarsplats

Edens Hörsal, Paradisgatan 5H, Lund

Opponent

  • Andreas Schedler