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Life 20 years after unsuccessful infertility treatment.

  • Ingegerd Wirtberg
  • Anders Möller
  • Lars Hogström
  • Sven-Erik Tronstad
  • Ann Lalos
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 598-604
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Human Reproduction
Volym: 22
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Oxford University Press


Background: This study explores the long-term experience of involuntary childlessness among 14 Swedish women 20 years after their infertility treatment. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted. Results: The childlessness had had a strong impact on all the women’s lives and was for all a major life theme. The effects were experienced both on a personal level and on interpersonal and social levels. Half of the women were separated, and in all but one, sexual life was affected in negative and long-lasting ways. The effects of childlessness were especially increased at the time the study was conducted, as the women’s peer group was entering the ‘grandparent phase’. Many coped with their childlessness by caring for others, such as the children of friends or relatives, elderly parents or animals. Conclusion: These findings represent a small sample, but they point towards the need for developing models of counselling and support that stimulate self-reflection and strengthen personal resources and empowerment for individuals and couples experiencing involuntary childlessness.


  • Psychology
  • psychosocial impact
  • long-term effects
  • sexuality
  • quality of life
  • infertility


  • ISSN: 0268-1161

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