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Basic helix-loop-helix proteins expressed during early embryonic organogenesis.

Publiceringsår: 2004
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 251-280
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: International Review of Cytology
Volym: 236
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier


The basic helix–loop–helix proteins form a special group of transcription factors unique for the eukaryotic organisms. They are crucial for the embryonic development of many fundamental organ systems such as muscle, heart, central nervous system, hematopoiteic system, and many others. They are very flexible in terms of regulating transcription in that they can either promote or repress transcription, and do so in many different ways. Basic helix–loop–helix proteins can form homo- or heterodimers with other members of the group, and are subject to post-transcriptional modifications. In this review, an overview of basic helix–loop–helix protein classification, biochemical function, and examples of past and recent advances in our understanding of embryonic development are presented, with emphasis on the vertebrate muscle, heart, brain, and eye.


  • Basic Medicine
  • Development
  • Organogenesis
  • Embryogenesis
  • Basic helix–loop–helix
  • bHLH
  • Differentiation


  • ISSN: 0074-7696

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