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Visiting the Six Worlds : Shamanistic Journeys in Canadian Mi'kmaq Cosmology

Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 312-336
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of American Folklore
Volym: 119
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: American Folklore Society


Mi’kmaq Indians’ descriptions of journeys between parallel worlds, as we find them in tales collected from the early seventeenth century to the earlier twentieth, are far too complex to fit into Mircea Eliade’s model of shamanism or romantic images of Indians as being “one with nature”. The tales reveal six parallel worlds in which all types of beings belongs to families, have wigwams, and search for food. The parallelism between the worlds has no significance for beings living their ordinary lives, but it is of the utmost importance for understanding how differing types of beings (people, animals, supernaturals) achieve interworlds journeys. The notions of cosmological deixis and perspectivism are used to explore the narratives and shed light on Mi’kmaq cosmology.


  • History of Religions
  • cosmological deixis
  • Mi’kmaq tales
  • shamanism
  • traditional ecological knowledge
  • interworlds journeys
  • perspectivism


  • ISSN: 0021-8715

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