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Temperament and Character Associated With Depressive Symptoms in Women: Analysis of Two Genetically Informative Samples

  • Jongil Yuh
  • Jenae M. Neiderhiser
  • Paul Lichtenstein
  • Kjell Hansson
  • Marianne Cederblad
  • Olle Elthammer
  • David Reiss
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 906-924
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volym: 65
Nummer: 9
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: John Wiley & Sons


Although previous research has explored associations between personality and depressive symptoms, a limited number of studies have assessed the extent to which genetic and environmental influences explain the association. This study investigated how temperament and character were associated with depressive symptoms in 131 pairs of twin and sibling women in early adulthood, as well as 326 pairs of twin women in middle adulthood. Results indicated that genetic influences accounted for a moderate to substantial percentage of the association between these personality features and depressive symptoms, emphasizing the role of genetic influences. Nonshared environmental influences made important contributions to the association between character and depressive symptoms, particularly in the sample of middle-aged twin women. These findings suggest that unique social experiences and relationships with a partner in adulthood may play an important role in these associations between character and depressive symptoms. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 65:906-924, 2009.


  • Psychiatry
  • Twin study
  • depressive symptoms
  • temperament
  • character
  • Family study


  • ISSN: 0021-9762

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