Modeling of drivers' longitudinal behavior
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Nonlinear and Hybrid Systems in Automotive Control
In the last few years, many vehicle manufacturers have introduced advance driver support in some of their automobiles. One of those new features is adaptive cruise control (ACC), which extends the conventional cruise control system to control of relative speed and distance to other vehicles. In order to design an ACC controller, it is suitable to have a model of drivers' behavior. Our approach to find dynamical models of the drivers' behavior was to use system identification. Basic data analysis is made by means of system identification methodology, and several models of drivers' longitudinal behavior are proposed, including both linear regression models and subspace-based models. In various situations, detection for when a driver's behavior changes or deviates from the normal is useful. To that purpose, a GARCH (generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity) model was used to model the driver in situations such as arousal.
- Control Engineering
2001 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics