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Managerial type as related to percept-genetic signs of anxiety and defense in the Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm)

  • Alf Andersson
  • B Dahlström
  • Göran Ekvall
Publiceringsår: 2003
Språk: Engelska
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Lund Psychological Reports
Volym: Vol 4 no 3
Dokumenttyp: Rapport
Förlag: Department of Psychology, Lund University


The study considers relations in a group of 95 managers, 41 women and 54 men, between managerial type and signs of anxiety and defense in the Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Eight managerial types were distinguished, based on ratings of the managers by their subordinates in terms of the Ekvall and Arvonen (1991) leadership style dimensions of employee-centeredness, change-centeredness and production-centeredness. As expected, those classified as “bureaucrats” differed from the other managerial types in less often showing affect anxiety, identity anxiety and separation anxiety. Other findings related to predictions made were that a marked degree of introaggression 1 was typical of “idea-makers”, marked repression 3 typical of “idea-makers” and ”gardeners”, and marked denial through reversal IV typical of ”gardeners”. Various defenses were also found to be more common in the managers studied here than in a group of university teachers investigated earlier. The Andersson (1991) model of the mind served as a tool for interpreting the results.


  • Psychology
  • percept-genetic analysis
  • leadership style
  • DMTm
  • personality
  • managerial type


  • ISSN: 1404-8035

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