Summary, in English
The basis for this thesis is mainly gathered from Lund University’s Archives of Ecclesiastical History, LUKA. Questionnaires called ”kyrklig sed” are frequently emitted to all Swedish parishes to document different customs within the church. Since 1962 they also contain questions about cribs in the churches. Beside these questionnaires, there are also special questionnaires of different extent. LUKA 24 (2001), ”Julkrubban i Svenska Kyrkans församlingar i Stockholms, Göteborgs och Lunds stift”, was emitted as a support for this thesis. In this thesis, the concept of Christmas crib is a representation, independent of technique, material or size that is devoted to symbolize the Christian Christmas announcement only during Advent and Christmas time. The systematization of the crib is subsequently treated in its different characteristics, natures, types, etc together with its position in the church. Also Christmas cribs that often are claimed with special values are treated here. In 1804 ”en catolsk ceremonie” (a Catholic ceremony), depicting the birth of The Savior or The Child in the Crib and more, was publicly shown in a privat house in Stockholm. On Christmas Eve 1850 a Christmas eve service was preceded before the Christmas crib at a private home in the province of Småland, in the tradition of German Home Mission. In 1886, the first Christmas crib was presented in a Swedish church: in Händene church in the diocese of Skara. With the Ersta Diakonissanstalt in the front in 1906, churches are now receiving Christmas cribs: City Mission 1915 (picture 7), Diakonianstalten Stora Sköndal 1922 and the German congregation 1925. The Christmas crib is often decorating the rectory and the vestry, but in the church it takes its time. Within the ecclesiastical institutions this location was probably solidified to a tradition in the tradition: 90 years later, in 1996, the Christmas crib was presented in Ersta church, in 1992 in the City Mission’s Church Hall, in 1995 in Stora Sköndal church, and in the German church not until 1991. With the Hjorthagskyrkan in the diocese of Stockholm, in the year of 1923, every single church slowly presented Christmas cribs. Their introduction is studied in the dioceses of Stockholm, Göteborg, and Lund. In old research, the Christmas crib in Malmö S:t Petri church 1929 was held as the first reception in the Church of Sweden. It was in fact the first one in the diocese of Lund.