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Determinants of poverty in Lao DPR

  • Magnus Andersson
  • Anders Engvall
  • Ari Kokko
Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: EIJS Working Papers Series
Nummer: No 223
Dokumenttyp: Working paper
Förlag: European Instiute of Japanese Studies, Stockholm School of Economics


Lao PDR has been relatively successful in raising incomes and reducing poverty since the early 1990s. However, the gains in terms of poverty reduction are unevenly distributed across regions and population groups. This paper uses a detailed household survey data set to examine the determinants of income and poverty in Lao PDR. The results suggest that household size, dependency ratios, education, and access to agricultural inputs are among the main determinants of per capita consumption. In addition, geography and ethnicity matter. A closer analysis of the role of ethnicity suggests that the higher poverty incidence among minority households is due to their limited access to productive resources rather than lower efficiency in resource use. The paper also proposes some elements for a poverty reduction strategy for Lao PDR.


  • Other Social Sciences
  • Lao PDR
  • Laos
  • development
  • poverty
  • household
  • ethnic minorities



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