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Subjective Health and Illness, Coping and Life Satisfaction in an 80-Year-Old Swedish Population - Implications for Mortality

Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 173-180
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volym: 14
Nummer: 3
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates


Background: Multimorbidity and illness will become more common due to increased life expectancy.

Purpose: This study describes various combinations of diseases and symptoms and explores implications for survival in a sample of 80 year-olds followed up to 95 years of age. Furthermore, reported subjective health, coping, and life satisfaction is explored.

Method: 212 persons, born in 1908, were classified into four groups based on their number of diseases and reported symptoms according to a health examination at the age of 80. These groups were compared regarding standardized measurements of subjective health, depression, coping, life satisfaction, and mortality.

Results: The mortality risks, the hazard ratios, were of the same magnitude, 1.8-2.2, whether the persons experienced several symptoms, had several diseases, or a combination of several symptoms and several diseases when compared to the healthy group of respondents.

Conclusion: The experience of subjective signs of illness carries the same mortality risks as diseases.


  • Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences
  • coping behavior
  • cohort
  • elderly
  • mortality
  • comorbidity


  • Geriatric Medicine
  • ISSN: 1070-5503

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