Optimal multiple antenna design for compact MIMO terminals with ground plane excitation
The compactness of mobile terminals complicates the design of multiple antennas, since coupling among the antennas increases when they are placed in proximity of one another. While it is possible to mitigate coupling between closely spaced antennas, a tradeoff in bandwidth is required. In this paper, we highlight ground plane excitation as an additional dimension to consider in the design of multiple antenna terminals. This is because a compact ground plane, especially in mobile application, can interact with the antenna elements and contribute significantly to their radiation characteristics. Our results show that several design parameters, namely element locations, spacing between elements, and radiation characteristics of individual elements, must be jointly considered in order to achieve the optimal MIMO performance tradeoff for compact multiple antenna terminals.
- Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (IWAT), 2011
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