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A specialized dorsal rim area for polarized light detection in the compound eye of the scarab beetle Pachysoma striatum.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2002
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 211-216
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
Volym: 188
Nummer: 3
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Springer

Sammanfattning

Many animals have been shown to use the pattern of polarized light in the sky as an optical compass. Specialised photoreceptors are used to analyse this pattern. We here present evidence for an eye design suitable for polarized skylight navigation in the flightless desert scarab Pachysoma striatum. Morphological and electrophysiological studies show that an extensive part of the dorsal eye is equivalent to the dorsal rim area used for polarized light navigation in other insects. A polarization-sensitivity of 12.8 (average) can be recorded from cells sensitive to the ultraviolet spectrum of light. Features commonly known to increase the visual fields of polarization-sensitive photoreceptors, or to decrease their spatial resolution, are not found in the eye of this beetle. We argue that in this insect an optically unspecialised area for polarized light detection allows it not be used exclusively for polarized light navigation.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • Scanning
  • Electron
  • Microscopy
  • Contrast Sensitivity : physiology
  • Beetles : ultrastructure
  • Eye : anatomy & histology
  • Beetles : physiology
  • Animal
  • Eye : ultrastructure
  • Female
  • Male
  • Light
  • Photic Stimulation : methods

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • Lund Vision Group
  • ISSN: 0340-7594

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