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Rule- and Role-Retreat: An Empirical Study of Procedures and Resilience

Författare:
Redaktör:
  • Carlos A. Pérez-Labajos
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 75-90
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Maritime Research
Volym: 6
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: SEECMAR

Sammanfattning

To manage complex and dynamic socio-technical systems places demands on teams to deal with a range of more and less foreseeable situations. Three groups of participants with different maritime experiences were studied using the same simulation of a ship to better understand the role of generic competencies (e.g. information management, communication and coordination, decision making, and effect control) play in such high-demand situations. Groups with moderate maritime experience were able to balance contextual knowledge with use of generic competencies to successfully manage unexpected and escalating situations. Novices, lacking contextual knowledge, performed less well. Groups with the most maritime expertise remained committed to presumed procedures and roles and did not perform as well as the other two groups. The results suggest that training to operate complex socio-technical systems safely and effectively should go beyond procedures and include development of generic competencies. This could provide operators with better tools to enhance organizational resilience in unexpected and escalating situations.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • training
  • resilience
  • emergency management
  • procedures
  • simulation

Övrigt

  • Krisberedskapsmyndigheten
Published
Yes
  • LUCRAM (Lund University Center for Risk Analysis and Management
  • ISSN: 1697-4840

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