The 5 angstrom structure of heterologously expressed plant aquaporin SoPIP2;1
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Molecular Biology
Förlag: Elsevier Ltd
SoPIP2;1 is one of the major integral proteins in spinach leaf plasma membranes. In the Xenopus oocyte expression system its water channel activity is regulated by phosphorylation at the C terminus and in the first cytosolic loop. To assess its structure, SoPIP2;1 was heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris as a His-tagged protein and in the non-tagged form. Both forms were reconstituted into 2D crystals in the presence of lipids. Tubular crystals and double-layered crystalline sheets of non-tagged SoPIP2;1 were observed and analyzed by cryo-electron microscopy. Crystalline sheets were highly ordered and diffracted electrons to a resolution of 2.96 angstrom. High-resolution projection maps of tilted specimens provided a 3D structure at 5 angstrom resolution. Superposition of the SoPIP2;1 potential map with the atomic model of AQP1 demonstrates the generally well conserved overall structure of water channels. Differences concerning the extracellular loop A explain the particular crystal contacts between oppositely oriented membrane sheets of SoPIP2;1 2D crystals, and may have a function in rapid volume changes observed in stomatal guard cells or mesophyll protoplasts. This crystal packing arrangement provides access to the phosphorylated C terminus as well as the loop B phosphorylation site for studies of channel gating. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- ISSN: 0022-2836