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Earwitnesses: The effect of type of voice lineup in identification accuracy and the realism in confidence judgments

Författare:
Redaktör:
  • Schötz S
  • Ambrazaitis G
Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 113-118
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Working Papers 54, Proceedings from Fonetik 2010
Volym: 54
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: Lund University. Department of Linguistics and Phonetics

Sammanfattning

This contribution is a partial report from a study of the identification accuracy and realism in the confidence judgments of the correctness in the identification reports in two kinds of target-present voice lineup. 24 men and 54 women were asked to identify a voice that they had heard previously in a dialogue context that simulated the planning of a burglary by two males 22 and 27 years old. The voice lineup either consisted of recordings of each of six male speakers reading a text from a book (text-lineup condition) or each of the same six speakers having a spontaneous dialogue with another male speaker (dialogue-lineup condition). Each recording lasted 30 seconds. The results showed a
tendency (p<.06) for better accuracy and better ability to separate correct from incorrect identification responses by means of ones’ confidence judgments for the text-lineup condition compared with the dialogue-lineup condition. The text-lineup condition also showed a tendency for lower overconfidence. These results deviate from expectations following from the encoding specificity principle in memory psychology (Tulving & Thomson, 1973), maybe because text reading provides a more varied representation of the features of the human voice compared to dialogues.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • ear witnesses
  • realism
  • forensic
  • voice lieup

Övriga

The XXIIIth Swedish Phonetics Conference
2010-06-02/2010-06-04
Published
Yes

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