A simple compact reconfigurable slot antenna with a very wide tuning range
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
A simple and compact slot antenna with a very wide tuning range is proposed. A 25 mm (roughly equal to λH/8, where λH corresponds to the highest frequency of the tuning range) open slot is etched at the edge of the ground. To achieve the tunability, only two lumped elements, namely, a PIN diode and a varactor diode are used in the structure. By switching the PIN diode placed at the open end of the slot, the slot antenna can resonate as a standard slot (when the switch is on) or a half slot (when the switch is off). Continuous tuning over a wide frequency range in those two modes can be achieved by adjusting the reverse bias (giving different capacitances) of the varactor diode loaded in the slot. Through optimal design, the tuning bands of the two modes are stitched together to form a very wide tuning range. The fabricated prototype has a tuning frequency range from 0.42 GHz to 1.48 GHz with Sll better than -10 dB, giving a frequency ratio (fR = fu/fL) of 3.52:1. The measured full spherical radiation patterns show consistent radiation characteristics of the proposed antenna within the whole tuning range.
- Technology and Engineering
- Radio Systems
- ISSN: 0018-926X