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Long-term effects of biogeophysical and biogeochemical interactions between terrestrial biosphere and climate under anthropogenic climate change

Författare:
  • Guy Schurgers
  • Uwe Mikolajewicz
  • Matthias Gröger
  • Ernst Maier-Reimer
  • Miren Vizcaíno
  • Arne Winguth
Publiceringsår: 2008
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 26-37
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Global and Planetary Change
Volym: 64
Nummer: 1-2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier

Sammanfattning

Abstract in Undetermined

A complex earth system model, simulating atmosphere and ocean dynamics, marine biogeochemistry, terrestrial vegetation and ice sheets, was used to study feedbacks between the terrestrial biosphere and climate with a set of long-term climate change ensemble experiments. CO(2) emissions were assigned according to historical data and the IPCC SRES scenarios B1, A1B and A2, followed by an exponential decay of the emissions for the period 2100-3000. The experiments give a reasonable reconstruction of the measured CO(2) concentrations between 1750 and 2000. Maximum atmospheric CO(2) concentrations of 520 ppm (B1), 860 ppm (A1B) and 1680 ppm (A2) were reached between 2200 and 2500. Additional experiments were performed with CO(2) emissions and suppressed climate change, as well as an experiment with a prescribed land surface. The experiments were repeated with the vegetation model driven offline, to investigate the effects of climate and CO(2) changes separately. The biogeochemical and biogeophysical interactions between terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere were quantified and compared.



A decrease of albedo at high latitudes was the most important biogeophysical change. For the A2 scenario experiment, it causes an additional temperature increase of 1 to 2 K for some high latitude regions by the year 3000, but the changes are minor compared to the heating due to CO(2) increase.



The terrestrial biosphere takes up between 15 and 30% of the CO(2) emissions, depending on the scenario and the period considered. The carbon is stored in the tropics and subtropics, where carbon is stored fast, and in the high latitudes, where carbon storage, partly due to forest expansion, is Much slower. By the year 3000, the storage of terrestrial carbon results in a decrease of atmospheric CO(2) concentration of 400 ppm, which in turn decreases the global temperature increase by 0.4 K.

Nyckelord

  • Physical Geography
  • biogeophysics
  • earth system modelling
  • biogeochemistry
  • global warming

Övriga

Published
  • ISSN: 1872-6364

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