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Elimination of damaged proteins during differentiation of embryonic stem cells

Författare:
  • M Hernebring
  • Gabriella Brolén
  • H Aguilaniu
  • Henrik Semb
  • T Nystrom
Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 7700-7705
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volym: 103
Nummer: 20
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Sammanfattning

During mammalian aging, cellular proteins become increasingly damaged: for example, by carbonylation and formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The means to ensure that offspring are born without such damage are unknown. Unexpectedly, we found that undifferentiated mouse ES cells contain high levels of both carbonyls and AGEs. The damaged proteins, identified as chaperones and proteins of the cytoskeleton, are the main targets for protein oxidation in aged tissues. However, the mouse ES cells rid themselves of such damage upon differentiation in vitro. This elimination of damaged proteins coincides with a considerably elevated activity of the 20S proteasome. Moreover, damaged proteins were primarily observed in the inner cell mass of blastocysts, whereas the cells that had embarked on differentiation into the trophectoderm displayed drastically reduced levels of protein damage. Thus, the elimination of protein damage occurs also during normal embryonic development in vivo. This clear-out of damaged proteins may be a part of a previously unknown rejuvenation process at the protein level that occurs at a distinct stage during early embryonic development.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Medicine and Health Sciences
  • protein carbonylation
  • proteasome
  • embryogenesis
  • advanced glycation end products
  • aging

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0027-8424

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