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Rapid and effective CD3 T-cell depletion with a magnetic cell sorting program to produce peripheral blood progenitor cell products for haploidentical transplantation in children and adults.

Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 2134-2142
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Transfusion
Volym: 47
Nummer: 11
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Effective T-cell depletion is a prerequisite for haploidentical peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation. This study was performed to investigate the performance of magnetic cell sorting–based direct large-scale T-cell depletion, which is an attractive alternative to standard PBPC enrichment procedures.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: PBPCs were harvested from 11 human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical donors. T cells labeled with anti-CD3–coated beads were depleted with a commercially available magnetic separation unit (CliniMACS, Miltenyi Biotec) with either the Depletion 2.1 (D2.1, n = 11) or the novel Depletion 3.1 (D3.1, n = 12) program. If indicated, additional CD34+ selections were performed (n = 6). Eleven patients received T-cell-depleted grafts after reduced-intensity conditioning.

RESULTS: The median log T-cell depletion was better with the D2.1 compared to the D3.1 (log 3.6 vs. log 2.3, p < 0.05) and was further improved by introducing an immunoglobulin G (IgG)-blocking step (log 4.5 and log 3.4, respectively). The D3.1 was superior to the D2.1 (p < 0.05) in median recovery of CD34+ cells (90% vs. 78%) and in median recovery of CD3– cells (87% vs. 76%). The median processing times per 1010 total cells were 0.90 hours (D2.1) and 0.35 hours (D3.1). The transplanted grafts (directly T-cell–depleted products with or without positively selected CD34+ cells) contained a median of 10.5 × 106 per kg CD34+, 0.93 × 105 per kg CD3+, and 11.6 × 106 per kg CD56+. Rapid engraftment was achieved in 10 patients. The incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease were less than 10 percent (Grade I/II) and 0 percent (Grade III/IV).

CONCLUSION: The novel D3.1 program with IgG blocking enables highly effective, time-saving large-scale T-cell depletion. Combining direct depletion techniques with standard CD34+ selection enables the composition of grafts optimized to the specific requirements of the patients.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Medicine and Health Sciences

Övrigt

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0041-1132

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