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Characterization of Hydrogen Storage Materials and Systems with Photons and Neutrons

  • P. Klaus Pranzas
  • Ulrike Boesenberg
  • Fahim Karimi
  • Martin Muenning
  • Oliver Metz
  • Christian Bonatto Minella
  • Heinz-Werner Schmitz
  • Felix Beckmann
  • Ulla Vainio
  • Dariusz Zajac
  • Edmund Welter
  • Torben R. Jensen
  • Yngve Cerenius
  • Ruediger Bormann
  • Thomas Klassen
  • Martin Dornheim
  • Andreas Schreyer
Publiceringsår: 2011
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 730-736
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Advanced Engineering Materials
Volym: 13
Nummer: 8
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Wiley-Blackwell


Complex hydrides are very promising candidates for future light-weight solid state hydrogen storage materials. The present work illustrates detailed characterization of such novel hydride materials on different size scales by the use of synchrotron radiation and neutrons. The comprehensive analysis of such data leads to a deep understanding of the ongoing processes and mechanisms. The reaction pathways during hydrogen desorption and absorption are identified by in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD). Function and size of additive phases are estimated using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS). The structure of the metal hydride matrix is characterized using (ultra) small-angle neutron scattering (SANS/USANS). The hydrogen distribution in tanks filled with metal hydride material is studied with neutron computerized tomography (NCT). The results obtained by the different analysis methods are summarized in a final structural model. The complementary information obtained by these different methods is essential for the understanding of the various sorption processes in light metal hydrides and hydrogen storage tanks.


  • Physical Sciences
  • Natural Sciences


  • ISSN: 1527-2648

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