Vem rökte alla dessa pipor? – en historisk-arkeologisk studie av kritpipor och rökning i 1600- och 1700-talens Sverige med genus- och intersektionalitetsperspektiv
Who Smoked all these Pipes? -An Historical Archaeological Study of Clay Tobacco Pipes and Smoking in 17th and 18th Century Sweden with a Perspevtive of Gender and Intersectionality
Summary, in English
My study shows that tobacco smoking was widespread among both women and men in Sweden during the 17th and 18th centuries. Social proscriptions seem to have dictated where it was appropriate for people to smoke, according to social standing and gender. Upper-class people preferred ritualized smoking in private locations, while peasants and countryfolk smoked more freely. Peasant women smoked during the 17th and 18th centuries, but not in public, while women from lower societal classes were unimpeded by social proscriptions about public smoking, something that brought down criticism from the upper-class men who described them in writing.
Long, smooth pipes, preferred by the upper classes, were more expensive than shorter, coarser pipes used by the lower classes. Decorated pipes also functioned as identity-bearing material culture. Smoking in pipes of different lengths also resulted in different ways of smoking, which resulted in varying marks in the osteological material. People smoked in different ways, in different types of clay tobacco pipes, in different places and for different reasons, due to social proscriptions based on intersectional identities.
- History and Archaeology
- Clay Tobacco Pipes
- 17th century & 18th century Sweden
- Historical Archaeology
- Mats Roslund (Professor)