Javascript är avstängt eller blockerat i din webbläsare. Detta kan leda till att vissa delar av vår webbplats inte fungerar som de ska. Sätt på javascript för optimal funktionalitet och utseende.

Webbläsaren som du använder stöds inte av denna webbplats. Alla versioner av Internet Explorer stöds inte längre, av oss eller Microsoft (läs mer här: * https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Var god och använd en modern webbläsare för att ta del av denna webbplats, som t.ex. nyaste versioner av Edge, Chrome, Firefox eller Safari osv.

Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript is expressed in adipocytes and regulate lipid- and glucose homeostasis.

Författare

Summary, in English

Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is a regulatory peptide expressed in the nervous system and in endocrine cells, e.g. in pancreatic islets. CART deficient mice exhibit islet dysfunction, impaired insulin secretion and increased body weight. A mutation in the CART gene in humans is associated with reduced metabolic rate, obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, CART is upregulated in islets of type-2 diabetic rats and regulates islet hormone secretion in vitro. While the function of CART in the nervous system has been extensively studied, there is no information on its expression or function in white adipose tissue. CART mRNA and protein were found to be expressed in both subcutaneous and visceral white adipose tissues from rat and man. Stimulating rat primary adipocytes with CART significantly potentiated isoprenaline-induced lipolysis, and hormone sensitive lipase activation (phosphorylation of Ser 563). On the other hand, CART significantly potentiated the inhibitory effect of insulin on isoprenaline-induced lipolysis. CART inhibited insulin-induced glucose uptake, which was associated with inhibition of PKB phosphorylation. In conclusion, CART is a novel constituent of human and rat adipocytes and affects several biological processes central in both lipid- and glucose homeostasis. Depending on the surrounding conditions, the effects of CART are insulin-like or insulin-antagonistic.

Ämne

  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Status

Published

Forskningsgrupp

  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • Immunology

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 1873-1686