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Preattentive bias for snake words in snake phobia?

Publiceringsår: 2004
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 949-970
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Volym: 42
Nummer: 8
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier


Stroop interference and skin conductance responses (SCRs) for words related to snakes, spiders, flowers, and mushrooms were studied in a group of women (n=40) with snake phobia who were randomised to a stress or no-stress condition. The 21 low-stress snake phobics showed Stroop interference for unmasked (but not for masked) snake words, compared with 21 age- and sex-matched controls. Stroop interference was not significantly different between high-stress and low-stress snake phobics. No support for stronger SCRs for masked snake words was found in snake phobics in a lexical decision task with masked presentations of the same words. The lack of a masked Stroop interference in snake phobics suggests a possible difference in cognitive–emotional mechanisms underlying specific phobia vs. other anxiety disorders that deserves further investigation.


  • Psychology
  • Emotional Stroop task
  • Masked words
  • SCR
  • Specific phobia
  • Preattentive bias


  • ISSN: 1873-622X

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