Assistive Devices in Everyday Life for Very Old People - Use, Non-use and Opportunities for Use
Summary, in English
Study I: In a Swedish subsample no differences were seen between users and non-users of assistive devices according to socio-demographic or environmental variables at baseline or follow-up. The significant differences seen were related to aspects of health. The number of users increased over the study period and barriers in the outdoor environment turned out to predict use of mobility devices. Study II: In a Swedish subsample of three very old men using mobility devices, it was shown that the social and physical environment impacted on device use. Well-designed devices facilitated device use, while poor street conditions, crowded public transports and bad weather hampered mobility device use. Study III: Both differences and similarities were shown between Latvia and Sweden regarding the organisation and operationalization of the national service delivery systems for assistive technology. The utilisation of professional competences and national financial circumstances affected very old people’s opportunities to be provided with assistive devices. Study IV: In Latvian and Swedish subsamples, national differences were seen in number and type of reported leisure activities outside the home. Differences were also seen for the number of activities reported between users and non-users of mobility devices in relation to their self-rated physical mobility.
Conclusion: The use of assistive devices increases with age and supports very old people in everyday life activities, even though there are differences between Latvia and Sweden. In order to ensure equal opportunities for activity and participation for very old people across Europe, it is important to understand what lies behind personal and environmental prerequisites for the use of assistive devices within as well as between countries.
Lund University Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University
- Health Sciences
- service delivery system
- mobility devices
- activity and participation
- leisure activities
- very old men
- Home, Health and Disability along the Process of Ageing
- Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science
- Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group
- ISSN: 1652-8220
- ISBN: 978-91-7619-060-9
27 november 2014
Hörsal 1, Health Science Centre, Baravägen 3, Lund.
- Anna-Liisa Salminen (docent)