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Electronic structure changes in cobalt phthalocyanine due to nanotube encapsulation probed using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

  • Janine C. Swarbrick
  • Tsu-Chien Weng
  • Karina Schulte
  • Andrei N. Khlobystov
  • Pieter Glatzel
Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 9693-9699
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volym: 12
Nummer: 33
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Royal Society of Chemistry


The electronic structure of cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) changes upon encapsulation inside multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CoPc@MWNT), as detected in this research using Co-K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) and Co-K alpha(1) resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS). The CoPc molecules are no longer planar once inside the nanotubes, and the molecular symmetry is found to change upon encapsulation from D-4h to C-4v symmetry. This change of symmetry increases the amount of p-d orbital mixing, which is seen in the spectra as a change in peak intensity. Energy shifts are also seen between CoPc and CoPc@MWNT, showing that Co in the encapsulated species is more oxidized due to electron donation from the phthalocyanine molecule to the surrounding nanotube. Trends seen in the spectra between CoPc and CoPc@MWNT can be calculated using density functional theory (DFT), which shows the molecular orbitals involved in different spectral features.


  • Physical Sciences
  • Natural Sciences


  • ISSN: 1463-9084

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