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A Multitechnique Study of Structure and Dynamics of Polyfluorene Cast Films and the Influence on Their Photoluminescence

  • Gregorio C. Faria
  • Tomás Plivelic
  • Rafael F. Cossiello
  • André A. Souza
  • Tereza D. Z. Atvars
  • Iris L. Torriani
  • Eduardo R. deAzevedo
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 11403-11413
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B
Volym: 113
Nummer: 33
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: The American Chemical Society


This article describes the microstructure and dynamics in the solid state of polyfluorene-based polymers, poly(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl) (PFO), a semicrystalline polymer, and poly[(9,9-dioctyl-2,7-divinylene-fluorenylene)-alt-co-{2-methoxy-5-(2-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene}, a copolymer with mesomorphic phase properties. These structures were determined by wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) measurements. Assuming a packing model for the copolymer structure, where the planes of the phenyl rings are stacked and separated by an average distance of 4.5 Å and laterally spaced by about 16 Å, we followed the evolution of these distances as a function of temperature using WAXS and associated the changes observed to the polymer relaxation processes identified by dynamical mechanical thermal analysis. Specific molecular motions were studied by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance. The onset of the side-chain motion at about 213 K (β-relaxation) produced a small increase in the lateral spacing and in the stacking distance of the phenyl rings in the aggregated structures. Besides, at about 383 K (α-relaxation) there occurs a significant increase in the amplitude of the torsion motion in the backbone, producing a greater increase in the stacking distance of the phenyl rings. Similar results were observed in the semicrystalline phase of PFO, but in this case the presence of the crystalline structure affects considerably the overall dynamics, which tends to be more hindered. Put together, our data explain many features of the temperature dependence of the photoluminescence of these two polymers.


  • Physical Sciences
  • Natural Sciences
  • NMR
  • WAXS
  • molecular dynamics
  • supramolecular structure
  • electroluminescent polymer


  • ISSN: 1520-5207

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