There's more to the picture than meets the ear - Gaze behavior during communication in children with hearing impairment
Summary, in English
- The structured and predictive conversational setting enables speakers to include unrequested information without compromising the partner’s understanding (paper 1).
- Gaze behavior is related to the production of verbal utterances, as shown by a higher probability of gaze to the conversational partner’s face when asking questions than making statements (paper 2).
- Participants with hearing impairment consistently exhibit higher probability of gaze-to-partner than peers with normal hearing (paper 3).
- Participants with hearing impairment and reduced phonological short term memory capacity show a doubled probability of gaze-to-partner, compared to peers with normal hearing (paper 4).
The findings express the multimodality of communication, and the need for multidisciplinary assessment and therapy. Implications include pedagogical adaptations to an increased use of nonverbal cues in children and adolescents with hearing impairment. The results highlight areas of phonology and conversational strategies to target for speech-language services, and call for an evaluation of nonword repetition as a clinical marker allowing earlier identification of children with hearing impairment at risk for persistent language impairment.
Lund University Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Lund University
- Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
- Child hearing impairment
- Gaze behavior
- Referential communication
- Eye tracking
- Nonword repetition
- Phonological short term memory
- Cox regression
- Thinking in Time: Cognition, Communication and Learning
- ISSN: 1652-8220
- ISBN: 978-91-87449-74-1
18 oktober 2013
Belfragesalen, BMC D15
- Courtenay Norbury (Dr.)