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In-group ratings are affected by who asks and how: interactive effects of experimenter group-membership and response format.

Publiceringsår: 2011
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 625-634
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Social Psychology
Volym: 151
Nummer: 5
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Taylor & Francis


In three experiments, participants rated how well a number of adjectives described their in-group (e.g. kind-hearted, helpful, intelligent, efficient, etc.). In Experiment 1, females were found to rate their ingroup (females) more favorably when reporting verbally to female (rather than male) experimenters. This finding was further explored in two subsequent experiments where response format (written vs. verbal) was also manipulated. Both experiments revealed an interaction such that ethnic Swedes rated their in-group (Swedes) the most favorably when reporting verbally to an in-group experimenter and the least favorably when reporting verbally to a Middle Eastern experimenter. Results are discussed in relation to correction and contextual activation of social norms.


  • Psychology
  • accountability
  • control
  • in-group vs. out-group


  • ISSN: 0022-4545

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