Microchip immobilized enzyme reactors for hydrolysis of methyl cellulose
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Analytical Chemistry
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: The American Chemical Society
Microchip immobilized enzyme reactors (mu IMERs) with immobilized endoglucanases were applied for the hydrolysis of methyl cellulose (MC). MCs of various molecular weights were hydrolyzed using two mu IMERs containing immobilized celloendoglucanase Cel 5A from Bacillus agaradhaerens (BaCel 5A) connected in series. Hydrolysis by the mu IMER could be confirmed from the average molar masses and molar mass distributions measured by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) with online multiangle light scattering and refractive index detection. Methylated cellooligosaccharides with degrees of polymerization (DP) between 1 and 6 formed during hydrolysis were analyzed by direct infusion electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry (ESI-ITMS). Mass spectra of mu IMER- and batch-hydrolyzed samples were compared and no significant differences were found, indicating that mu IMER hydrolysis was as efficient as conventional batch hydrolysis. A fast and automated hydrolysis with online MS detection was achieved by connecting the mu IMER to high-performance liquid chromatography and ESI-ITMS. This online separation reduced the relative intensities of interfering signals and increased the signal-to-noise ratios in MS. The mu IMER hydrolysates were also subjected to SEC interfaced with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. With this technique, oligomers with DP 3-30 could be detected. The hydrolysis by they mu-IMER was performed within 60 min, i.e. significantly faster compared with batch hydrolysis usually performed for at least 24 h. The mu IMER also allowed hydrolysis after 10 days of continuous use. The method presented in this work offers new approaches for the analysis of derivatized cellulose and provides the possibility of convenient online, fast, and more versatile analysis compared with the traditional batch method.
- Analytical Chemistry
- ISSN: 1520-6882