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Knowledge Links in High-Technology Industries: Markets, Networks, or Milieu? The Case of the Vienna Biotechnology Cluster

Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 345-365
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management
Volym: 7
Nummer: 2/3/4/5
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Inderscience


In recent years, the innovation process in biotechnology has become a subject of major interest to scholars from different disciplines. Despite an ever growing body of work, the nature of knowledge links and their particular geography remain a highly disputed issue. The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on this topic. We will develop a model of knowledge interactions distinguishing between market relations, formal networks, spillovers and informal links. This model will then be used as a conceptual framework for an analysis of various types of knowledge flows in the emerging Vienna biotechnology cluster. We will show that knowledge exchange is a multifaceted phenomenon and that each type of knowledge interaction exhibits a specific geography.


  • Human Geography


  • ISSN: 1741-5098

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