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Technological Waves and Economic Growth - Sweden in an International Perspective 1850-2005

  • Lennart Schön
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Circle Electronic Working Paper series
Volym: 6
Dokumenttyp: Working paper
Förlag: CIRCLE, Lund University


This paper presents a model of long waves and an empirical analysis of Swedish growth

since 1850. The model emphasises the creation of new complementarities around macro

innovations. The growth process is periodised in two main parts. The first period is

characterised by transformation when development is uneven and unbalanced. The second

period is characterised by rationalisation when the economy is made more homogenous with

growth accelerating in a wider context. With a Swedish Schumpeterian concept the

complementarities around innovations form development blocks at the centre of the growth

process. The process of innovation, diffusion and structural change is analysed. In periods of

more rapid transformation, regions and nations react differently. Diffusion is more rapid to

regions and nations favoured by new demands – due to their resource endowments, their

institutional characteristics and their social capability. Over time however competencies,

infrastructures and institutions will be more generally adapted to the new complementarities.

Hence the development blocks will be more widely diffused. In that diffusion process, the

favourable position of the leaders is undermined while laggards will improve their position.

Diminishing returns will however shift profitability between established and emerging

complementarities that pave the way for crisis and new structural transformation


  • Economic History
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Long waves
  • economic growth
  • innovation


  • ISSN: 1654-3149

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